While it is okay to prepare human food for your dog if you want variety, there are some ingredients that might be toxic or harmful to your pet that you should avoid. Sticking to commercial dog food alone may not be enough but remember these dos and don’ts when feeding.
Do check the protein and fat content in commercial food. Commercially prepared dog food comes in two forms, wet and dry. Wet food must have 5% to 5.8% of protein and 3% to 6% of fat, while dry food must contain 22% to 32% of protein and 10% to 25% of fat.
Don’t fed your dog fatty meat. That includes fatty meat from poultry, lamb, beef, pork, and even poultry skin. Excess fat can lead to pancreatitis and obesity in dogs.
Do feed your dog fish. Even fatty fish are alright for dogs. These are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Leave the skin on the fish and prepare it by steaming, boiling or grilling. Do not add any spices, herbs, sauces or flavoring because these are harmful for the dog.
Don’t feed your dog spicy food. Spicy ingredients can burn the dog’s tongue and its digestive tract. These are not made for animal consumption.
Do feed your pet vegetables. There are a lot of vegetables that are good for dogs. You can serve them raw or cooked, but there are exceptions such as spices, dressing, and others that you might find on this guide. You can feed your dog the following: spinach, green beans, broccoli, carrots, peas, sweet potato, and pumpkin.
Don’t feed your dog sauces. Anything that has rich sauce contains a lot of herbs and spices which the dog does not really need. Bland food is better for your pet.
Do transition your pet when introducing new food. You can blend new ingredients into their favorites to introduce them to new food.
Don’t over supplement your dog’s diet. As long as you give them nutritious food and plenty of water, your dog will not need supplements. You might want to ask your veterinarian for recommendations if you feel your dog is lacking something.
Do feed your dog fruits. Besides vegetables, there are fruits that you can give to your dog as treats. The following are safe for dogs: cantaloupe, bananas, apples, and blueberries.
Don’t give your dog milk. But this only applies to dogs that are lactose intolerant. However, if your dog is okay with dairy products, it is perfectly okay to give them plain yogurt, bread, cottage cheese, and cheeses.
Don’t give your dog drinks that are made for humans only. These include alcohol, coffee, chocolate drinks, milk substitutes, milk (only if the dog is lactose intolerant), beverages with grapes, soda, and tea.
Do give your dog other treats. There are some human food that are safe for dogs such as unseasoned peanut butter, eggs, and oatmeal.
Don’t give them toxic food. Avoid the following: chocolate, avocadoes, chewing gum, grapes, raisins, currants, onions, garlic, chives, yeast dough, macadamia nuts, nutmeg, mushrooms, salt, artificial sweeteners, anything with Xylitol, citruses, rhubarb, tomatoes, fruits seeds or pits, and high-sodium food.