Tips for Keeping the Aviary Clean

Keeping a pet bird in your apartment means you need to be able to maintain a clean, fresh-smelling home all the time. This will also help keep away parasites and bacteria that might make the bird sick. If you are a beginner, remember these tips to keep the aviary clean.

Do not place the food and water containers under the perches. The droppings can contaminate the food and water. Clean them daily by scrubbing them with a sponge. If there is a lot of soiling, soak it with hot water and mild dish detergent. Dry the dishes thoroughly before returning them to the cage.

Wipe the cage regularly. Wipe the interior and exterior of the cage with a clean, wet cloth. A wet sponge can also remove the dried debris. Dry the cage thoroughly.

Clean the bottom tray regularly. If you are using a bird cage with a tray that catches the droppings, clean it regularly with water and mild detergent then make sure it is dry before reattaching it.

Clean out the food debris and leftover. Make sure to pick up the food debris daily before turning in for the night. This will keep the uneaten food from spoiling and harboring bacteria in the cage.

Change the water daily. Always make sure that your bird has fresh water. Rinse out the droppings and food debris that might have gotten into the dishes.

Reexamine the toys and attachments. Once a month, you should check the interior of the cage and all the attachments and accessories inside. There could be loose or broken parts that might injure the bird. Check the perches and remove the debris that you have missed during the cleaning.

Clean all the accessories. When inspecting the items in the cage, you should clean them with a brush and mild detergent. Dry thoroughly before returning them to the cage. If you are using wood perches, which is the most ideal perch for birds, use sandpaper to clean them.

Rearrange the toys and furniture. Once a month, you might have to replace or rearrange the perches to keep the bird from getting bird. Cycle toys with a new batch every few months, too.

Clean the toys regularly. When you cycle the toys, make sure to clean the old ones if you are planning to use them again. Discard broken toys that your bird might choke on.

Change the cage liners daily. You might have to remove the topmost layer daily to remove the accumulated droppings and leftover food. If it seems like a lot of work, add several layers of liners every month so that you will only need to remove the top.

Remove vegetation around the aviary. If it is an outdoor aviary, make sure that the cage is not surrounded by plants because these can be home to parasites and bacteria.

Do not use harsh chemicals. If possible, use only hot water with a few drops of dish detergent to clean the cage and the other items. Do not use other chemicals that will be toxic to your pet.

3 Great Reasons Why Women Should Try CrossFit

So you’re looking for ways to exercise and while around somewhere in Singapore, you see a CrossFit box (the CrossFit term for “gym”). You get curious and check it out on the internet but you somehow get disappointed because the female CrossFit athletes you see there are PACKED with muscles.

Here’s something you should know though, those athletes are professional competitors and basically focus on CrossFit for most of the day. It doesn’t mean that when you do CrossFit, you’ll instantly look like them. Plus, there really are many other reasons to give it a try! Here are only some of them.

You will look lean and toned

Now, I know we said you won’t look like those pro athletes, but you will get some muscle. However, it won’t be to the point that you’ll look huge. When you start CrossFit, you’ll slowly look leaner and your body will look toned.

Your abs will be more visible, your butt will look perkier, and you’ll also lose convert that fat in your arms into muscle. Of course, depending on your goals, you can lose fat OR gain a lot of muscle when doing CrossFit. No matter what those goals may be, you can decide it all for yourself and no one will really stop you.

You can take the boredom out of exercise

If you’re not a complete beginner with working out though, you should already know that there are times when a workout session could get boring. Well, your time in a CrossFit gym will never be boring simply because workouts are constantly varied.

What you do tomorrow won’t necessarily be the same today. This allows for variety and will almost always incite fun in an individual. In addition to that, there are different exercises that cater to almost every component of physical fitness. There’s lifting for strength, gymnastics for flexibility and balance, sprinting-type exercises for endurance and many more!

CrossFit can help you realize your potential

One of the main highlights of CrossFit is that it helps you break your boundaries. For instance, if you’ve never tried running a 5k marathon before, you’ll say you can’t do it simply because you’re not fit enough. But then, after you spend maybe 3 or 4 months doing CrossFit and your friends invite you for a run, you decide to give it a try.

Then you discover that you actually can do a 5k run and you can even go for more! Doing CrossFit actually trains you to push through your limits. You won’t even question your potential again once you taste the success of completing a hard CrossFit workout.

8 Shows for You if You Like Game of Thrones

Can’t get enough of the fantastic action scenes and court intrigues of one of the most successful high fantasy series of the last two decades? Here are some shows that can help fill the void of Game of Thrones.


This historical drama recreates the events during Rome’s transition from a republic to an empire. Told from the point of view of two soldiers, Titus Pullo and Lucius Vorenus, the series details the civil war, the rise to power of Julius Caesar, and the Ides of March. It also shows glimpses of the future emperor, Augustus.

The Tudors

As the title implies, most of the events shown in the series took place in 16th century England, but it focuses on the life of King Henry VII. It begins with the ongoing negotiation for a pact of friendship with the French and his troubled relationship with Katherine of Aragon.


The story opens with a spectacular recreation of the Battle of Acre in 1291 between the Crusader and the Saracens. More than the Holy Land itself, the conflict also threatened the Holy Grail. The series then shows the events 15 years later by following the story of Landry du Lauzon.


The series loosely follows various tales of the Norse sagas, although there is a lot of focus on Ragnar Lothbrok and his family. Ragnar is known for his conquests of France and Anglo-Saxon England.


There have been several adaptations of the exploits of the historical Spartacus, a gladiator who led a successful but short uprising against a dying Roman Republic. The series opens with the Getae campaign, in which the proconsul of Macedonia marched against Mithridates VI of Pontus. When one of the Thracians mutinied against the legate Claudius Glaber, his village was destroyed, and the man captured and sold into slavery.

The Borgias

The intrigues that surrounded the Borgia family have been a subject of various adaptations, including this show which focused on the height of the Borgias’ power over the Roman Catholic Church. This is the third known television series that depicted the lives of the Borgias.

Black Sails

If you loved Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson, then this prequel series is for you. Set 20 years before the events of the book, it highlights the Golden Age of Piracy in the West Indies. It focuses primarily on New Providence Island and the life of Captain Flint. The series also features familiar names such as Charles Vane, Anne Bonny, Edward “Blackbeard” Teach, Jack Rackhan, William Manderley, and more.

The Last Kingdom

The series is based on the book series The Saxon Stories by Bernard Cornwell. It begins with the attack of the Danes in the 9th century at the time when England had seven kingdoms. The Danes were about to defeat the last of these, the Kingdom of Wessex.

How to Rock a Neck Tie or Bow Tie

Neck ties and bow ties are often associated with formal events, but you can still rock them for a casual trip to the mall or a get-together with friends. But first, you need to learn the basics of balance, layering, and tying.

Here are tips on how to rick a neck tie or a bow tie for any occasion.

Bow and neck ties are statement pieces. By keeping this in mind, you will remember that using too many other accessories will make you outfit look disorganized. A statement piece means that it is the focal point by which you decide the theme and the elements that go with it. Wear it like you would a necklace.

A balanced look is the key. Like with any statement piece, the background must be less flashy and more basic. That is why if you pick an extravagant neck tie or bow tie with eye-catching colors or designs, your shirt and trousers must have muted colors and patterns. For example, if you’re wearing a brightly-colored neck or bow tie, wear neutral-colored shirts and trousers to avoid looking like a clown.

Know when you can’t wear it. You can wear a neck tie or bow tie at formal events and at the office, but you can pair it with casual outfits as long as it fits the occasion. For example, if you’re going to spend most of the day under the sun, you will look out of place with your bow tie. General rule of thumb: if you can wear a neck tie for that location or event, then you can also wear a bow tie.

Experiment with different fabrics, colors, and patterns. The type of fabric also determines how casual or formal the look can be. More expensive fabrics such as silk and wool are more suited to formal events like weddings, while cotton or linen can be worn casually. Don’t be afraid to try various bow tie shapes and neck tie colors and patterns. There are also some styles that are already pre-tied which are perfect for casual outfits.

Know how to tie them properly. Keep practicing the different ways to tie knots. Some of the most commonly used styles for the neck tie are the classic knot if you’re wearing a spread collar, four in hand if you want a more informal look, and the simple knot for skinny neck ties.

Take note of the length and width. When purchasing a neck tie, make sure to measure the length. You will know that the length is right for you if the tip of the tie ends just about the beltline, not above or below it. There is also a basic rule when it comes to the width of the neck tie. For casual looks or for shirts with narrow collars, always pick narrow ties. If you have a bulkier body, however, pick wider ties and avoid the skinny ones.

What is a Japanese Light Novel?

You might have heard of a genre called light novel while watching anime, but how does it differ from novels and manga? Let’s examine this genre more closely.

Description of a Light Novel

The name light novel applies to any type of publication which targets teenagers and young adult readers. Like the manga, or Japanese comics, they also contain illustrations using the same art style in most manga, and the size of each volume is classified as a “bunkobon,” which has measurements of 105 mm x 148 mm. They also have the same qualities that will classify them as novellas, but most of them have less than 300 pages, not enough to classify them as full-length novels. So why is it called a light novel if it is a novella?

Translation of Light Novel

The name light novel is the closest English translation of the name “wasei-eigo.” The words wasei-eigo literally means Japanese-made English, a characteristic that describes the tendencies of most light novels to have words written in kanji, a syllabary used to spell borrowed foreign words. Others even refer to it as raito noberu, rainobe, and ranobe, which are all borrowed from the English words light novel. The light novel, therefore, means a Japanese novella. Some of these light novels are also in English instead of Japanese to appeal to a wider range or readers.

Light Novel and Novel

If that is the case then light novels are not like novels, because they are shorter and contain more illustrations than most novels produced by English writers. They might look like manga at first glance, but instead of panels and speech bubbles, the story is told with the use of both continuous texts and interspersed with illustrations in monochrome or colored pages. So why do they look like manga? The light novels are also closely tied up to pulp magazines in the 1970s, which practiced placing illustrations at the beginning of each story. The most popular serials (or the series of episodes with one overarching story or common character) were later printed into novels.

Light Novel and Manga

The spines of the light novel series will look like those of any manga series to make them easier to find on the shelves. They are also classified based on the age bracket of the target audience and themes. Light novels, however, are not like manga even if they share a lot of common features. Some light novels are even adapted into manga and some manga series have light novel counterparts and spinoffs. A few light novel titles are also adapted from live-action movies or TV series and anime.

Light Novels to Read

Here are some of the best light novels you should check out:

  1. Legendary Moonlight Sculptor
  2. Utsunomiko
  3. Tokyo Ravens
  4. Guin Saga
  5. Legend of the Galactic Heroes
  6. Majutsushi Orphen
  7. Record of Lodoss War
  8. Saiunkoku Monogatari
  9. Arslan Senki
  10. Kino no Tabi

Understanding Growth Charts for Children

There are different growth charts for children of different ages, but most of these charts are divided into two major age brackets; one for 0 to 2 years and another for 2 to 18 years. These growth charts, which can also be found in pediatric clinics and hospitals in Singapore, include the recommended height, weight, and head circumference for each age.

Separate growth charts for children with special needs are also available to help monitor the child’s health and development.

Ideal Body Weight

It is accepted among medical practitioners that the abnormalities in growth and development of a child is associated with chronic diseases and can even indicate a child’s chances of getting a certain disease when he/she becomes an adult. For example, adults who are obese were more likely to have had a different growth trajectory than adults who never had problems with their weight as children.

For the ideal body weight, the doctors use the body mass index (BMI) chart or what is also known as the weight-for-height computation. However, some medical practitioners disagree with the use of a BMI chart, because it does not take into account the changing body proportions in children. Instead, they use charts that include blood chemistry measures, fat versus lean mass, total body potassium, and dual energy measures.

Special Growth Charts

As already mentioned, there are separate growth charts for children with developmental disabilities from ages 0 to 36 months and 2 to 18 years. These guides, however, do not include comparisons for weight, height or length, BMI, and head circumference of children older than 2 years. The special growth charts are used alongside the standard charts to determine if the child has a tendency to become overweight or underweight.

There are also charts for the fetal measurements, but these should be compatible with the mother’s ethnic composition. The development is monitored by comparing it to growth percentiles through examinations of the fetus in different gestational ages. The result of the fetus’ weight divided by his/her length will determine if he/she is growing normally.

Poor Growth Identification

The existence of different growth charts for girls, boys, children with diseases or developmental disabilities, and children who were breastfed or not, led most hospitals around the world follow the growth charts set by the World Health Organization (WHO).

According to WHO, there are three indicators of poor growth for a child aged younger than 2 years; namely, length, weight, and weight relative to length. Some infants need more measurements such as weight-for-age, head circumference-for-age, length-for-age, and weight-for length. Children older than 2 years on the other hand, are monitored using either length and stature or length, BMI-for-age, and measure stature.